Is Collagen Permissable?

Published: 2004-04-16
  What is collagen and is it permissible?
Views: 4,187,489
Updated: 2004-04-16
26 Safar 1425 (16 April 2004)
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Assalamooalaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
Respected SisterBrother
We would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us all to serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.  Hereunder is the response to your query subject to disclaimer: 
Gelatine is sourced from collagen (yielded from boiling) hence it would be subject to the same ruling as gelatine.  If the source is fish-based or Dhabihah then it would be permissable otherwise avoid. See below for researched information.
Syed Rasheed of Muslim Consumer groups: "Collagen is a structural protein and it is the principle constituent of connective tissue and bones of vertebrates. Gelatin and glue can be made from it after boiling in the water. It can not be obtained from vegetable source because plants lack this type of protein and it is can not be synthetically made for use in cosmetic products because it is too expensive. Yes reference shows it is made by genetically but for human tissues. It mostly obtained from pig and beef because fish tissue is expensive to make collagen and also lack strong gel qulality. None of the references indicate that it is made from vegetable source." 
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A fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatine on boiling
Source Wordweb
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia.
Collagen is the main protein of connective tissue. It has great tensile strength, and is the main component of ligaments and tendons. It is responsible for skin elasticity, and its degradation leads to wrinkles that accompany aging. Collagen also fills out the cornea where it is present in crystalline form.
Collagen has very interesting amino acid composition. It contains a lot of glycine and proline, as well as two amino acids that are not inserted directly by ribosomes: hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine, the former as a rather large percentage of the total amino acids. They are changed from proline and lysine in enzymatic processes, for which vitamin C is required.
Another rare feature of collagen is its regular arrangement of amino acids. Its sequence generally follows the pattern Gly-X-Y, where X is proline, and Y is proline or hydroxyproline. There are very few other proteins with such regularity. The resulting structure is called a collagen helix.
Collagen occurs in many places throughout the body, and occurs in different forms known as types:
Type I collagen - This is the most abundant collagen of the human body. It is present in scar tissue, the end product when tissue heals by repair. It is also found in tendons.
Type II collagen - Articular cartilage
Type III collagen - This is the collagen of granulation tissue, and is produced quickly by young fibroblasts before the tougher type I collagen is synthesised.
Type IV collagen
Related word: oestoid
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Osteoid is a protein mixture which is secreted by osteoblasts; it is used to form the internal struture of bones. Osteoid contains collagen.
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